New Integrated Knowledge based approachs to the protection of cultural heritage from Earthquake-induced Risk

International Cooperations

DELTA Project, 2002 - 2005
TEMPER Project - Management Plan for the Ubeidiya and Sha’ar HaGolan Prehistoric Sites
Michael Cohen and Lilach Strul

TEMPER Project is an international enterprise within the framework of a program for the conservation and cultivation of cultural heritage, which is financed by the European Community. The project (EUROMED HERITAGE) is administered by Cambridge University, in cooperation with a team from Oxford Brookes University. The aim of the project is to promote awareness of prehistory and turn it into something that is accessible to the public-at-large, beginning from elementary school education to international tourism. This is accomplished through the planned development of sites and the preparation of interface programs and educational programs. Five countries were partners in the project: England, Greece, Turkey, Malta and Israel. The work within the framework of the project was conducted along two tracks: one involved formulating a process for preparing an interface program for the sites and the other was concerned with developing educational plans that deal with prehistory and its sites.
The project focused on five prehistoric sites around the Eastern Mediterranean Sea: Ubeidiya and Sha’ar HaGolan in Israel, Çatalhöyük in Turkey, Kordin III in Malta and Paliambela in Greece. Evidence and finds were discovered at these sites that are crucially important in understanding mankind’s cultural development, such as man’s migration from the African continent, the transition to farming and its development and the appearance of streets and megalith temples. The partners comprising the Israeli team were from the Antiquities Authority and the Department of Architecture of the Bezalel Academy of Art and Design in Jerusalem. The results of TEMPER Project will be published by Cambridge University and it will include a summary of the work by the teams and the conclusions that were drawn according to the following outline:
  1. The process of putting together an interface program for prehistoric sites.
  2. Prehistoric sites in the regional context.
  3. Protection and conservation of prehistoric sites.
  4. Planning public visitation at the prehistoric sites, how to present and interpret the sites.
  5. Community involvement and participation in prehistoric sites.

The Work Model

The framework for the work was defined by TEMPER Project’s principal team from Cambridge and Oxford Brookes University. The data that were collected were compiled in accordance with Chart 1 and will appear in the project’s summary publication.

Defining a Overall Interface Plan

An interface plan includes and integrates within it structured procedures, beginning with strategic planning and all the way on through to implementation guidelines. All of the actions that are taken are a result of cooperation between the interested groups and decision makers, for the sake of the objectives specified in the plan. The procedure is structured and based on gathering data, which is then analyzed and assessed, and receiving feedback. It is important to note that an interface plan is a prolonged process in which the changing resources and conditions are examined over different periods of time (short, medium and long). This process makes it possible to respond and treat changing circumstances.


The Israeli interface plan deals with two prehistoric sites located in the same geographic region – Ubeidiya and Sha’ar HaGolan – and their broad regional context. The objective of the program is to promote awareness about these sites in their region and improve the accessibility to them, in a manner that will contribute to the entire region. At the heart of the plan is the development of a strategic outline for the benefit of the goal, through the cooperation of the different interested parties, balancing of their wishes and coordinating the local needs in view of the vision and data. The work of the TEMPER Israel team was based on the process that was defined by the lead team and was adapted to the local needs, as described in Chart 2
The goal: Raising awareness about prehistory and making it accessible to the public at large, beginning from the elementary school level to international tourism.
The team: The Antiquities Authority is represented by a prehistorian, archaeologist, conservation architect, conservator, engineer and an educational guidance advisor. The team from the Bezalel Academy of Art and Design in Jerusalem included an architect and town planner. Educators, planners, artists and museum curators also participated as outside consultants.
The topic: Beq’at Kinnerot and two prehistoric sites – Ubeidiya and Sha’ar HaGolan. Based on the guidelines laid down by the lead team TEMPER Israel dealt with prehistoric sites and the geographic unit they are located in. The topic was expanded upon at the initiative of the Israeli team, on the assumption that the sites’ future depends on planning that takes in account the region as a whole.

The Partner Entities and Officials in the Country
Project Management:
Professor Michael Turner – Bezalel Academy of Art and Design; Yaacov Schaffer, Eng. – Conservation Department Director, Antiquities Authority.
Project Coordinator: Michael Cohen – Conservation Department, Antiquities Authority.
Partner Entities:
Israel Antiquities Authority, Bezalel Academy of Art and Design, Jewish National Fund, National Parks Authority, Government Tourism Company, Council for the Preservation of Building and Sites, Jordan Valley Regional Council.
Professor Michael Terner and Professor Ze’ev Druckmann (Bezalel); Lilach Strul [arch.] and Reuven Elberger (Conservation Department, Antiquities Authority), Hamoudi Khalaily [archaeologist] – Head of the Prehistory Branch (Antiquities Authority); Raziya Zehavi (National Parks Authority), Hannah Yaffe (Jewish National Fund); Omri Shalmon (Council for the Preservation of Building and Sites); Omer Cohen (Jordan Valley Regional Council).

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